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Is the V O 2 slow component in heavy arm-cranking exercise associated with recruitment of type II muscle fibers as assessed by an increase in surface EMG?

Abstract : The recruitment of additional type II muscle fibers is one mechanism often suggested to be responsible for the slow component of oxygen uptake (VO 2 SC ). We hypothesized that surface electromyogram (EMG) of the biceps brachii, triceps brachii, anterior deltoid, and infraspinatus muscles could be related to the VO 2 SC amplitude during arm-cranking exercises above ventilatory threshold (VT). Eight healthy subjects performed transitions from rest to 6-min heavy exercise at a constant power output of approximately 40% between VT and peak VO 2 . A 2-component exponential model was used to fit the VO 2 response. EMG were recorded the last 15 s of each minute to obtain root mean square (RMS) and mean power frequency (MPF). Mean EMG responses for RMS and MPF were calculated by averaging EMG responses of the 4 muscles. The VO 2 SC amplitude was of 530 ± 166 mL/min and occurred after 134 ± 31 s of exercise onset. Significant correlations were found for most of the subjects between EMG parameters and the VO 2 SC amplitude as determined between the 2nd and the 6th minute. For all muscles, RMS values significantly increased over time during the VO 2 SC , whereas MPF decreased significantly. These results suggest a relation between the recruitment of additional type II muscle fibers and the VO 2 SC in arm-cranking exercises.
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https://hal-univ-fcomte.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03559648
Contributor : Nicolas Tordi Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 7, 2022 - 10:01:16 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 19, 2022 - 8:00:02 AM

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Nicolas Tordi, Sylvain Bernasconi, Stéphane Perrey, Bernard Parratte, Guy Monnier. Is the V O 2 slow component in heavy arm-cranking exercise associated with recruitment of type II muscle fibers as assessed by an increase in surface EMG?. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, NRC Research Press (Canadian Science Publishing), 2006, 31 (4), pp.414-422. ⟨10.1139/h06-021⟩. ⟨hal-03559648⟩

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