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Assessment of the Genetic Diversity of Echinococcus multilocularis from Copro-Isolated Eggs

Jenny Knapp 1, 2 Abdou Malik da Silva 1 Sandra Courquet 1, 2 Laurence Millon 1, 2 
2 CNR-E - Centre National de Référence Echinococcoses
UFC - Université de Franche-Comté, Service de parasitologie et mycologie [CHRU de Besançon]
Abstract : The genetic diversity of the parasite Echinococcus multilocularis, the infectious agent of alveolar echinococcosis, is generally assessed on adult worms after fox necropsy. We aimed to investigate E. multilocularis polymorphism through the microsatellite EmsB marker using a noninvasive approach. We tested batches of isolated eggs (1, 5, and 10) from 19 carnivore fecal samples collected in a rural town located in a highly endemic area in France to determine the best strategy to adopt using a minimal quantity of parasite DNA while avoiding genetic profile overlapping in the analysis. Several molecular controls were performed to formally identify the Taeniidae eggs. In total, 112 egg batches were isolated and 102 EmsB electrophoregrams were obtained in duplicate. Quality sorting was performed through the Pearson correlation coefficient (r) between each EmsB duplicate. Forty-nine batches with r > 0.9 remained in the analysis, mainly 5- or 10-egg batches. Three EmsB profiles were emphasized by hierarchical clustering and matched those from human lesions and adult worms previously genotyped and collected in the same area. We show that the genetic diversity of the parasite can be assessed from isolated E. multilocularis eggs in a spatiotemporal context using a noninvasive approach.
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https://hal-univ-fcomte.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03516115
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Submitted on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 9:17:37 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:52:55 AM

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Jenny Knapp, Abdou Malik da Silva, Sandra Courquet, Laurence Millon. Assessment of the Genetic Diversity of Echinococcus multilocularis from Copro-Isolated Eggs. Pathogens, MDPI, 2021, 10 (10), pp.1296. ⟨10.3390/pathogens10101296⟩. ⟨hal-03516115⟩

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