HAL will be down for maintenance from Friday, June 10 at 4pm through Monday, June 13 at 9am. More information
Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Validity and Usage of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ) in a French Population of Patients with Depression, Bipolar Disorders and Controls

Abstract : The Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ), by Rosenthal et al. (1984), is by far the most used questionnaire to evaluate seasonal effects on mood and behavior. It includes a general seasonality score (GSS), composed of 6 items, from which cutoffs have been established to screen for seasonal affective disorder (SAD). However, it has never been validated in French and associations with circadian rhythm and symptoms of depression and bipolarity remain unclear. In this study, including 165 subjects (95 controls and 70 patients with depression or bipolar disorder), we confirmed the validity of the French version of the SPAQ, with a two-factor structure (a psychological factor: energy, mood, social activity and sleep length; and a food factor: weight and appetite) and a good fit was observed by all indicators. Mood and social activity dimensions were significantly affected by seasons in the depressed/bipolar group and a stronger global seasonality score (GSS) was associated with more severe phenotypes of depression and mania. Subjects meeting SAD and subsyndromal-SAD criteria also showed a delayed circadian rhythm compared to controls. Simple tools, such as the SPAQ, can aid the identification of significant seasonal changes and have direct implications on therapeutics including the use of bright light therapy in order to enhance personalized treatments, but also to prevent adverse seasonal effects.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-univ-fcomte.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03658193
Contributor : Emmanuel Haffen Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 4:18:00 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:31:32 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Eve Reynaud, Fabrice Berna, Emmanuel Haffen, Luisa Weiner, Julia Maruani, et al.. Validity and Usage of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ) in a French Population of Patients with Depression, Bipolar Disorders and Controls. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2021, 10 (9), pp.1897. ⟨10.3390/jcm10091897⟩. ⟨hal-03658193⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

4